“’But We Must Notice’: Lowell’s Harvard Classes on Berryman, Bishop, and Jarrell.” In Jarrell, Bishop, Lowell, & Co., ed. Suzanne Ferguson, pp. 303-312. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2003.  (See below for a version of this piece published in Books in Canada).

(With Barbara Nickel) “The Wholehearted Poet: A Conversation about Margaret Avison.” Books in Canada volume 33, no. 6 (September 2004), 34-36.

“Legends of Good Women.” Southwest Review volume 95, no. 4 (2010), 600-613. Listed among “Notable Essays of 2010” by Robert Atwan, in The Best American Essays 2011, ed. Edwidge Danticat.

“A Dipody in a Billabong: Studying Prosody with Robert Fitzgerald.” Literary Imagination volume 13, no. 3 (2011), 278-282.

(With Stephen Partridge) “The House on the Cul-de-sac.” In Vancouver Vanishes: Narratives of Demolition and Revival, ed. Caroline Adderson and Zsuzsi Gartner, pp. 103-111. Vancouver: Anvil Press, 2015. This book was a finalist for a British Columbia Book Prize.


In the spring of 1977, Robert Lowell taught what would turn out to be his final classes. One was a seminar on nineteenth-century English and American poets, the other a writing workshop which also surveyed twentieth-century poets. English 255 and English F each met for two hours weekly at Harvard, with a dozen or so students and half a dozen auditors attending. A freshman in both courses, I scribbled voluminous notes (as was my anxious habit in all my classes), crowding some 250-odd pages with Lowell's observations on poets ranging from Blake to Plath...

Lowell would start the discussion of each poet with a pithy, impromptu biography, an eclectic but telling assemblage of facts drawn from memory and mingled with witty assessments. Aubrey's Brief Lives and Samuel Johnson's Lives of the Poets were fresh in my mind that term, and Lowell's portraits, vivid with quirky detail, seemed to me to blend the former's colloquialism and gentle irreverence with the latter's scrupulously balanced judgments and attentiveness to writers' circumstances...more